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UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission file number 001-4802
Becton, Dickinson and Company
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
New Jersey 22-0760120
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 Becton Drive,
Franklin Lakes,
New Jersey
07417-1880
(201)847-6800
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of Each ClassTrading SymbolName of Each Exchange on Which Registered
Common stock, par value $1.00BDXNew York Stock Exchange
Depositary Shares, each representing a 1/20th interest in a share of 6.00% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, Series BBDXBNew York Stock Exchange
1.000% Notes due December 15, 2022BDX22ANew York Stock Exchange
1.900% Notes due December 15, 2026BDX26New York Stock Exchange
1.401% Notes due May 24, 2023BDX23ANew York Stock Exchange
3.020% Notes due May 24, 2025BDX25New York Stock Exchange
0.632% Notes due June 4, 2023BDX/23ANew York Stock Exchange
1.208% Notes due June 4, 2026BDX/26ANew York Stock Exchange
1.213% Notes due February 12, 2036BDX/36New York Stock Exchange
0.000% Notes due August 13, 2023BDX23BNew York Stock Exchange
0.034% Notes due August 13, 2025BDX25ANew York Stock Exchange
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ☒    No  ☐
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes  ☒    No   ☐
    Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, and emerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer 
  Accelerated filer 
Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company 
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  ☒
There were 284,771,077 shares of Common Stock, $1.00 par value, outstanding at December 31, 2021.


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
FORM 10-Q
For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2021
TABLE OF CONTENTS
  
Page
Number
Part I.FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Part II.
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
2


ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
Millions of dollars, except per share data
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20212020
Revenues$4,995 $5,315 
Cost of products sold2,572 2,583 
Selling and administrative expense1,223 1,149 
Research and development expense329 291 
Acquisitions and other restructurings34 50 
Other operating expense, net21  
Total Operating Costs and Expenses4,180 4,074 
Operating Income815 1,241 
Interest expense(98)(118)
Interest income2 2 
Other income, net4 32 
Income Before Income Taxes723 1,157 
Income tax provision46 154 
Net Income677 1,003 
Preferred stock dividends(23)(23)
Net income applicable to common shareholders$655 $981 
Basic Earnings per Share$2.30 $3.38 
Diluted Earnings per Share$2.28 $3.35 
Dividends per Common Share$0.87 $0.83 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
3


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Millions of dollars
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20212020
Net Income$677 $1,003 
Other Comprehensive Income (Loss), Net of Tax
Foreign currency translation adjustments41 64 
Defined benefit pension and postretirement plans11 42 
Cash flow hedges(7)28 
Other Comprehensive Income, Net of Tax45 134 
Comprehensive Income$722 $1,138 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
4


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
Millions of dollars
December 31,
2021
September 30,
2021
Assets(Unaudited)
Current Assets:
Cash and equivalents$1,903 $2,283 
Restricted cash144 109 
Short-term investments8 12 
Trade receivables, net2,177 2,497 
Inventories:
Materials699 641 
Work in process393 402 
Finished products1,943 1,823 
3,035 2,866 
Prepaid expenses and other1,040 1,072 
Total Current Assets8,307 8,838 
Property, Plant and Equipment13,031 12,942 
Less allowances for depreciation and amortization6,648 6,549 
Property, Plant and Equipment, Net6,384 6,393 
Goodwill24,116 23,901 
Developed Technology, Net9,302 9,417 
Customer Relationships, Net2,765 2,818 
Other Intangibles, Net544 548 
Other Assets1,945 1,952 
Total Assets$53,363 $53,866 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities:
Current debt obligations$1,064 $500 
Payables, accrued expenses and other current liabilities5,671 6,126 
Total Current Liabilities6,735 6,626 
Long-Term Debt16,360 17,110 
Long-Term Employee Benefit Obligations1,078 1,228 
Deferred Income Taxes and Other Liabilities5,030 5,225 
Commitments and Contingencies (See Note 4)
Shareholders’ Equity
Preferred stock2 2 
Common stock365 365 
Capital in excess of par value19,435 19,272 
Retained earnings14,233 13,826 
Deferred compensation24 23 
Common stock in treasury - at cost(7,855)(7,723)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(2,043)(2,088)
Total Shareholders’ Equity24,160 23,677 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity$53,363 $53,866 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
5


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Millions of dollars
(Unaudited)
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20212020
Operating Activities
Net income $677 $1,003 
Adjustments to net income to derive net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization557 555 
Share-based compensation83 83 
Deferred income taxes(69)(66)
Change in operating assets and liabilities(278)24 
Pension obligation(144)26 
Other, net(154)(91)
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities674 1,533 
Investing Activities
Capital expenditures(188)(246)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired(415)(67)
Other, net(84)(116)
Net Cash Used for Investing Activities(686)(430)
Financing Activities
Payments of debt (267)
Dividends paid(271)(264)
Other, net(56)(61)
Net Cash Used for Financing Activities(327)(592)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and equivalents and restricted cash(6)18 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and equivalents and restricted cash(345)530 
Opening Cash and Equivalents and Restricted Cash2,392 2,917 
Closing Cash and Equivalents and Restricted Cash$2,047 $3,447 
Amounts may not add due to rounding.
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements
6


BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
December 31, 2021
Note 1 – Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q and, in the opinion of the management of Becton, Dickinson and Company (the "Company" or "BD"), include all adjustments which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. However, the financial statements do not include all information and accompanying notes required for a presentation in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("U.S. GAAP"). These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Within the financial statements and tables presented, certain columns and rows may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results of operations to be expected for the full year.
BD’s Intention to Spin Off Diabetes Care
On May 6, 2021, the Company announced its intention to spin off its Diabetes Care business as a separate publicly traded company named Embecta Corp. (“Embecta”) to BD’s shareholders. The proposed spin-off is intended to be a tax-free transaction for U.S. federal income tax purposes and is expected to be completed in the first half of calendar year 2022, subject to the satisfaction of customary conditions, including the effectiveness of a registration statement on Form 10. On February 1, 2022, BD’s Board of Directors approved the spin-off, as well as the distribution date of April 1, 2022. Subsequent to the spin-off, the historical results of the Diabetes Care business will be reflected as discontinued operations in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. Disclosures pertaining to Embecta’s issuance of debt in connection with the spin-off are provided in Note 12.
Note 2 – Shareholders' Equity
Changes in certain components of shareholders' equity for the first quarters of fiscal years 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
 Common
Stock  Issued
at Par Value
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Deferred
Compensation
Treasury Stock
(Millions of dollars)Shares (in
thousands)
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2021$365 $19,272 $13,826 $23 (80,164)$(7,723)
Net income— — 677 — — — 
Common dividends ($0.87 per share)
— — (248)— — — 
Preferred dividends— — (23)— — — 
Common stock issued for share-based compensation and other plans, net— (71)— — 762 19 
Share-based compensation— 83 — — — — 
Common stock held in trusts, net (a)— — — — (5)— 
Repurchase of common stock (b)— 150 — — (462)(150)
Balance at December 31, 2021$365 $19,435 $14,233 $24 (79,869)$(7,855)
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 Common
Stock  Issued
at Par Value
Capital in
Excess of
Par Value
Retained
Earnings
Deferred
Compensation
Treasury Stock
(Millions of dollars)Shares (in
thousands)
Amount
Balance at September 30, 2020$365 $19,270 $12,791 $23 (74,623)$(6,138)
Net income— — 1,003 — — — 
Common dividends ($0.83 per share)
— — (242)— — — 
Preferred dividends— — (23)— — — 
Common stock issued for share-based compensation and other plans, net— (53)— — 549 2 
Share-based compensation— 83 — — — — 
Common stock held in trusts, net (a)— — — — (7)— 
Effect of change in accounting principles— — (9)— — — 
Balance at December 31, 2020$365 $19,301 $13,522 $23 (74,080)$(6,136)
(a)Common stock held in trusts represents rabbi trusts in connection with deferred compensation under the Company’s employee salary and bonus deferral plan and directors’ deferral plan.
(b)Represents shares received upon final settlement of an accelerated share repurchase agreement, and the related forward sale contract, entered into during the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2021. The share repurchases were made pursuant to the repurchase program authorized by the Board of Directors on September 24, 2013 for 10 million shares, for which there is no expiration date. In November 2021, the Board of Directors authorized the Company to repurchase up to an additional 10 million shares of BD common stock, for which there is also no expiration date.
The components and changes of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the first quarters of fiscal years 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)TotalForeign Currency
Translation
Benefit Plans
Cash Flow Hedges
Balance at September 30, 2021$(2,088)$(1,292)$(784)$(10)
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications, net of taxes34 41  (7)
Amounts reclassified into income, net of taxes11  11  
Balance at December 31, 2021$(2,043)$(1,251)$(774)$(17)
(Millions of dollars)TotalForeign Currency
Translation
Benefit Plans
Cash Flow Hedges
Balance at September 30, 2020$(2,548)$(1,416)$(1,040)$(91)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications, net of taxes115 64 24 27 
Amounts reclassified into income, net of taxes19  18 2 
Balance at December 31, 2020$(2,414)$(1,352)$(998)$(62)
The amounts of foreign currency translation recognized in other comprehensive income during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 included net gains (losses) relating to net investment hedges. Other comprehensive income relating to benefit plans during the three months ended December 31, 2020 represented a net gain recognized as a result of the Company’s remeasurement, as of October 31, 2020, of the legacy Bard U.S. defined pension benefit plan upon its merger with the BD defined benefit cash balance pension plan in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. Additional disclosures regarding amounts the Company recognized in other comprehensive income relating to cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 are provided in Note 10.
The tax impacts for amounts recognized in other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications and for reclassifications out of Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relating to benefit plans and cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
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Note 3 – Earnings per Share
The weighted average common shares used in the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (shares in thousands) were as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
 20212020
Average common shares outstanding284,685 290,590 
Dilutive share equivalents from share-based plans2,038 2,522 
Average common and common equivalent shares outstanding – assuming dilution286,723 293,112 
Share equivalents excluded from the diluted shares outstanding calculation:
Mandatory convertible preferred stock (a)5,965 5,995 
Share-based plans (b)730 1,552 
(a)Excluded from the diluted shares outstanding calculation because the result would have been antidilutive.
(b)Excluded from the diluted earnings per share calculation as the exercise prices of these awards were greater than the average market price of the Company’s common shares.
Note 4 – Contingencies
The Company is involved, both as a plaintiff and a defendant, in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business, including, without limitation, product liability and environmental matters in certain U.S. and international locations. Given the uncertain nature of litigation generally, the Company is not able, in all cases, to estimate the amount or range of loss that could result from an unfavorable outcome of litigation in which the Company is a party. In accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company establishes accruals to the extent probable future losses are estimable (and in the case of environmental matters, without considering possible third-party recoveries). With respect to putative class action lawsuits in the United States and certain of the Canadian lawsuits described below, the Company is unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses for the following reasons: (i) all or certain of the proceedings are in early stages; (ii) the Company has not received and reviewed complete information regarding all or certain of the plaintiffs and their medical conditions; and/or (iii) there are significant factual issues to be resolved. In addition, there is uncertainty as to the likelihood of a class being certified or the ultimate size of any class. With respect to the civil investigative demands (“CIDs”) served by the Department of Justice which are discussed below, the Company is unable to estimate a range of reasonably possible losses for the following reasons: (i) all or certain of the proceedings are in early stages; and/or (ii) there are significant factual and legal issues to be resolved.
Product Liability Matters
As of December 31, 2021, the Company is defending approximately 26,260 product liability claims involving the Company’s line of hernia repair devices (collectively, the “Hernia Product Claims”). The majority of those claims are currently pending in a coordinated proceeding in Rhode Island State Court (“RI”) and in a federal multi-district litigation (“MDL”) established in the Southern District of Ohio, but claims are also pending in other state and/or federal court jurisdictions. In addition, those claims include multiple putative class actions in Canada. Generally, the Hernia Product Claims seek damages for personal injury allegedly resulting from use of the products. From time to time, the Company engages in resolution discussions with plaintiffs’ law firms regarding certain of the Hernia Product Claims, but the Company also intends to vigorously defend Hernia Product Claims that do not settle, including through litigation. The first bellwether trial in the hernia MDL began in August 2021, resulting in a complete defense verdict. Trials are scheduled into fiscal year 2022 in various state and/or federal courts, including one trial currently scheduled for March 2022 in the MDL and another scheduled in RI in June 2022. The Company expects additional trials of Hernia Product Claims to take place over the next 12 months.
The Company also continues to be a defendant in certain other mass tort litigation. As of December 31, 2021, the Company is defending product liability claims involving the Company’s line of pelvic mesh products, the majority of which are pending in various federal court jurisdictions and in a coordinated proceeding in New Jersey Superior Court. Also, as of December 31, 2021, the Company is defending product liability claims involving the Company’s line of inferior vena cava (“IVC”) filter products. The majority of those claims are pending in various federal court jurisdictions after having been remanded from the MDL in the United States District Court for the District of Arizona.
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In most product liability litigations (like those described above), plaintiffs allege a wide variety of claims, ranging from allegations of serious injury caused by the products to efforts to obtain compensation notwithstanding the absence of any injury. In many of these cases, the Company has not yet received and reviewed complete information regarding the plaintiffs and their medical conditions and, consequently, is unable to fully evaluate the claims. The Company expects that it will receive and review additional information regarding any remaining unsettled product liability matters.
Other Legal Matters
On February 27, 2020, a putative class action captioned Kabak v. Becton, Dickinson and Company, et al., Civ. No. 2:20-cv-02155 (SRC) (CLW), now captioned Industriens Pensionsforsikring v. Becton, Dickinson and Company, et al., was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey against the Company and certain of its officers. The complaint, which purports to be brought on behalf of all persons (other than defendants) who purchased or otherwise acquired the Company's common stock from November 5, 2019 through February 5, 2020, asserts claims for purported violations of Sections 10 and 20 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder, and seeks, among other things, damages and costs. The complaint alleges that defendants concealed certain material information regarding AlarisTM infusion pumps, allegedly rendering certain public statements about the Company’s business, operations and prospects false or misleading, thereby allegedly causing investors to purchase stock at an inflated price. The plaintiff filed a second amended complaint to add certain additional factual allegations on February 3, 2021, which the Company moved to dismiss on March 19, 2021. The motion to dismiss was granted, resulting in the dismissal of the second amended complaint on September 15, 2021. The court’s dismissal order, however, gave plaintiff an opportunity to replead, which it did on October 29, 2021. The Company moved to dismiss the newly amended pleading on December 16, 2021. That motion is pending. The Company believes that these allegations are without merit and it intends to defend itself vigorously.
On November 2, 2020, a civil action captioned Jankowski v. Forlenza, et al., Civ. No. 2:20-cv-15474, was filed in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey by a shareholder, Ronald Jankowski, derivatively on behalf of the Company, against its individual directors and certain of its officers. The complaint seeks recovery for breach of fiduciary duties by directors and various officers; violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including sections 10(b), 14(a) and 21D; and insider trading. In general, the complaint also alleges, among other things, that various directors and/or officers caused the Company to issue purportedly misleading statements and SEC filings regarding AlarisTM infusion pumps, and issue a purportedly misleading proxy statement. The complaint seeks damages, including restitution and disgorgement of profits, and an injunction requiring the Company to undertake remedial measures with respect to certain corporate governance and internal procedures. A second derivative action, Schranz v. Polen, et al., Civ. No 2:21-cv-01081 (D. N.J.), was filed on January 24, 2021, and the two actions were consolidated. In March 2021, the Company received letters from two additional shareholders which, in general, mirrored the allegations in the Jankowski and Schranz consolidated actions, and demanded, among other things, that the Board of Directors pursue civil action against members of management for claimed breaches of fiduciary duties. Consistent with New Jersey law, the Board appointed a special committee to review the allegations and demands in the derivative actions and demand letters. Following an investigation, the special committee determined that no action was warranted, and rejected the shareholders’ demands. The special committee’s determination has been communicated to counsel for the shareholders. Should the shareholders continue to pursue their claims in court, the Company will take appropriate steps to seek dismissal of the complaints.
In February 2021, the Company received a subpoena from the Enforcement Division of the SEC requesting information from the Company relating to, among other things, AlarisTM infusion pumps. The Company is cooperating with the SEC and responding to these requests. The Company cannot anticipate the timing, scope, outcome or possible impact of the investigation, financial or otherwise.
In April 2019, the Department of Justice served the Company and CareFusion with CIDs seeking information regarding certain of CareFusion’s contracts with the Department of Veteran’s Affairs for certain products, including AlarisTM and PyxisTM devices, in connection with a civil investigation of possible violations of the False Claims Act, and the government recently expanded the investigation to include several additional contracts. The government has made several requests for documents and interviews or depositions of Company personnel. The Company is cooperating with the government and responding to these requests.
In September 2021, the Company received a CID related to an inquiry initiated by the Northern District of Georgia in 2018. The requests concern sales and marketing practices with respect to certain aspects of the Company’s urology business. The government has made requests for documents and has interviewed employees. The inquiry is ongoing and the Company is cooperating with the government and responding to its requests.
In September 2021, the Company was served with a complaint from the New Mexico Attorney General, alleging violations of the state’s consumer protection laws in connection with the sales and marketing of its IVC filters. The Company filed its
10


motion to dismiss on December 27, 2021 and intends to vigorously defend itself in the litigation. As the case is in its early stages, the Company cannot anticipate the timing, scope, outcome or possible impact at present.
In July 2021, the Company became aware of lawsuits that had been filed against it in state and federal court in Georgia. The suits were filed by plaintiffs who reside near Company facilities in Covington, GA, where ethylene oxide (“EtO”) sterilization activities take place. There are currently approximately 205 of such suits. The claims allege a variety of injuries, including but not limited to multiple types of cancer, allegedly attributable to exposure to EtO in the ambient air. The Company has meritorious defenses and intends to defend itself vigorously.
The Company is also involved both as a plaintiff and a defendant in other legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business. The Company believes that it has meritorious defenses to these suits pending against the Company and is engaged in a vigorous defense of each of these matters.
The Company cannot predict the outcome of these other legal matters discussed above, nor can it predict whether any outcome will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and/or consolidated cash flows. Accordingly, the Company has made no provisions for these other legal matters in its consolidated results of operations.
The Company is a potentially responsible party to a number of federal administrative proceedings in the United States brought under the Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation and Liability Act, also known as “Superfund,” and similar state laws. The affected sites are in varying stages of development. In some instances, the remedy has been completed, while in others, environmental studies are underway or commencing. For several sites, there are other potentially responsible parties that may be jointly or severally liable to pay all or part of cleanup costs. While it is not feasible to predict the outcome of these proceedings, based upon the Company’s experience, current information and applicable law, the Company does not expect these proceedings to have a material adverse effect on its consolidated results of operations and/or consolidated cash flows.
Litigation Accruals
The Company regularly monitors and evaluates the status of product liability and other legal matters, and may, from time-to-time, engage in settlement and mediation discussions taking into consideration developments in the matters and the risks and uncertainties surrounding litigation. These discussions could result in settlements of one or more of these claims at any time.
Accruals for the Company's product liability claims which are discussed above, as well as the related legal defense costs, amounted to approximately $2.3 billion and $2.5 billion at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021, respectively. These accruals are largely recorded within Deferred Income Taxes and Other Liabilities on the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.
In view of the uncertainties discussed above, the Company could incur charges in excess of any currently established accruals and, to the extent available, liability insurance. In the opinion of management, any such future charges, individually or in the aggregate, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations and /or consolidated cash flows.
Note 5 – Revenues
The Company’s policies for recognizing sales have not changed from those described in the Company’s 2021 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The Company sells a broad range of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products which are distributed through independent distribution channels and directly by BD through sales representatives. End-users of the Company's products include healthcare institutions, physicians, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public.
Measurement of Revenues
The Company’s allowance for doubtful accounts reflects the current estimate of credit losses expected to be incurred over the life of its trade receivables. Such estimated credit losses are determined based on historical loss experiences, customer-specific credit risk, and reasonable and supportable forward-looking information, such as country or regional risks that are not captured in the historical loss information. The allowance for doubtful accounts for trade receivables is not material to the Company's consolidated financial results.
The Company's gross revenues are subject to a variety of deductions which are recorded in the same period that the underlying revenues are recognized. Such variable consideration includes rebates, sales discounts and sales returns. The Company’s
11


rebate liability at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 was $609 million and $576 million, respectively. The impact of other forms of variable consideration, including sales discounts and sales returns, is not material to the Company's revenues.
Effects of Revenue Arrangements on Consolidated Balance Sheets
Capitalized contract costs associated with the costs to fulfill contracts for certain products in the Medication Management Solutions organizational unit are immaterial to the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets. Commissions relating to revenues recognized over a period longer than one year are recorded as assets which are amortized over the period over which the revenues underlying the commissions are recognized. Capitalized contract costs related to such commissions are immaterial to the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Contract liabilities for unearned revenue that is allocable to performance obligations, such as extended warranty and software maintenance contracts, which are performed over time are immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results. The Company's liability for product warranties provided under its agreements with customers is not material to its condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Remaining Performance Obligations
The Company's obligations relative to service contracts and pending installations of equipment, primarily in the Company's Medication Management Solutions unit, represent unsatisfied performance obligations of the Company. The revenues under existing contracts with original expected durations of more than one year, which are attributable to products and/or services that have not yet been installed or provided are estimated to be approximately $2.1 billion at December 31, 2021. The Company expects to recognize the majority of this revenue over the next three years.
Within the Company's Medication Management Solutions, Medication Delivery Solutions, Integrated Diagnostic Solutions, and Biosciences units, some contracts also contain minimum purchase commitments of reagents or other consumables and the future sales of these consumables represent additional unsatisfied performance obligations of the Company. The revenue attributable to the unsatisfied minimum purchase commitment-related performance obligations, for contracts with original expected durations of more than one year, is estimated to be approximately $2.4 billion at December 31, 2021.  This revenue will be recognized over the customer relationship periods.
Disaggregation of Revenues
A disaggregation of the Company's revenues by segment, organizational unit and geographic region is provided in Note 6.
Note 6 – Segment Data
The Company's organizational structure is based upon three worldwide business segments: BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Life Sciences (“Life Sciences”) and BD Interventional (“Interventional”). The Company's segments are strategic businesses that are managed separately because each one develops, manufactures and markets distinct products and services. Segment disclosures are on a performance basis consistent with internal management reporting. The Company evaluates performance of its business segments and allocates resources to them primarily based upon segment operating income, which represents revenues reduced by product costs and operating expenses.
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Revenues by segment, organizational unit and geographical areas for the three-month periods are detailed below. The Company has no material intersegment revenues.
Three Months Ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
United StatesInternationalTotalUnited StatesInternationalTotal
Medical
Medication Delivery Solutions$619 $465 $1,084 $568 $440 $1,008 
Medication Management Solutions484 143 627 477 152 630 
Diabetes Care151 138 289 150 136 285 
Pharmaceutical Systems102 294 397 79 260 339 
Total segment revenues$1,357 $1,040 $2,397 $1,274 $988 $2,261 
Life Sciences
Integrated Diagnostic Solutions$615 $530 $1,145 $1,014 $653 $1,667 
Biosciences129 209 338 120 192 312 
Total segment revenues$744 $739 $1,483 $1,134 $845 $1,979 
Interventional
Surgery$281 $80 $361 $262 $70 $332 
Peripheral Intervention217 197 413 232 193 426 
Urology and Critical Care254 87 340 228 89 317 
Total segment revenues$752 $363 $1,115 $722 $353 $1,075 
Total Company revenues$2,853 $2,143 $4,995 $3,130 $2,186 $5,315 
Segment income for the three-month periods was as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
Income Before Income Taxes
Medical$716 $666 
Life Sciences534 972 
Interventional265 302 
Total Segment Operating Income1,514 1,940 
Acquisitions and other restructurings(34)(50)
Unallocated other operating expense, net (a)(25) 
Net interest expense(96)(116)
Other unallocated items (b)(636)(616)
Total Income Before Income Taxes$723 $1,157 
(a)The amount for the three-months ended December 31, 2021 includes $25 million of costs incurred for consulting, legal, tax and other advisory services associated with the planned spin-off of BD's Diabetes Care business.
(b)Primarily comprised of foreign exchange, certain general and administrative expenses and share-based compensation expense.
Note 7 – Benefit Plans
The Company has defined benefit pension plans covering certain employees in the United States and certain international locations. The measurement date used for these plans is September 30.
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Net pension cost included the following components for the three-month periods:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
Service cost$35 $43 
Interest cost20 20 
Expected return on plan assets(48)(48)
Amortization of prior service credit(4)(4)
Amortization of loss16 27 
Settlements5  
Net pension cost$24 $38 
The amounts provided above for amortization of prior service credit and amortization of loss represent the reclassifications of prior service credits and net actuarial losses that were recognized in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in prior periods. All components of the Company’s net periodic pension cost, aside from service cost, are recorded to Other income, net on its condensed consolidated statements of income.
Note 8 – Business Restructuring Charges
The Company incurred restructuring costs during the three months ended December 31, 2021, primarily in connection with the Company's simplification and other cost saving initiatives, which were largely recorded within Acquisitions and other restructurings. These simplification and other costs saving initiatives are focused on reducing complexity, enhancing product quality, refining customer experience, and improving cost efficiency across all of the Company’s segments. Restructuring liability activity for the three months ended December 31, 2021 was as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Employee
Termination
OtherTotal
Balance at September 30, 2021$14 $5 $19 
Charged to expense3 14 17 
Cash payments(6)(14)(20)
Balance at December 31, 2021$11 $5 $16 

Note 9 – Intangible Assets
Intangible assets consisted of:
 December 31, 2021September 30, 2021
(Millions of dollars)Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying AmountGross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Carrying Amount
Amortized intangible assets
Developed technology$14,539 $(5,237)$9,302 $14,399 $(4,983)$9,417 
Customer relationships4,687 (1,922)2,765 4,658 (1,839)2,818 
Product rights118 (82)36 123 (83)40 
Trademarks409 (142)267 409 (137)271 
Patents and other542 (347)195 533 (342)191 
Amortized intangible assets$20,295 $(7,730)$12,565 $20,122 $(7,385)$12,737 
Unamortized intangible assets
Acquired in-process research and development$44 $44 
Trademarks2 2 
Unamortized intangible assets$46 $46 
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Intangible amortization expense for the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $355 million and $348 million, respectively.
The following is a reconciliation of goodwill by business segment:
(Millions of dollars)Medical Life SciencesInterventional Total
Goodwill as of September 30, 2021$10,255 $836 $12,810 $23,901 
Acquisitions (a) 46 205 251 
Currency translation(14)(3)(21)(37)
Goodwill as of December 31, 2021$10,242 $880 $12,994 $24,116 
(a)Represents goodwill recognized relative to certain acquisitions which were not material individually or in the aggregate.
Note 10 – Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
The Company uses derivative instruments to mitigate certain exposures. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. The effects these derivative instruments and hedged items had on the Company’s balance sheets and the fair values of the derivatives outstanding at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 were not material. The effects on the Company’s financial performance and cash flows are provided below.
Foreign Currency Risks and Related Strategies
The Company has foreign currency exposures throughout Europe, Greater Asia, Canada and Latin America. Transactional currency exposures that arise from entering into transactions, generally on an intercompany basis, in non-hyperinflationary countries that are denominated in currencies other than the functional currency are mitigated primarily through the use of forward contracts. In order to mitigate foreign currency exposure relating to its investments in certain foreign subsidiaries, the Company has hedged the currency risk associated with those investments with certain instruments, such as foreign currency-denominated debt and cross-currency swaps, which are designated as net investment hedges, as well as currency exchange contracts.
The notional amounts of the Company’s foreign currency-related derivative instruments as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Hedge DesignationDecember 31, 2021September 30, 2021
Foreign exchange contracts (a)Undesignated$1,451 $2,735 
Foreign currency-denominated debt (b)Net investment hedges2,478 2,543 
Cross-currency swaps (c)Net investment hedges1,958 1,958 
(a)Represent hedges of transactional foreign exchange exposures resulting primarily from intercompany payables and receivables. Gains and losses on these instruments are recognized immediately in income. These gains and losses are largely offset by gains and losses on the underlying hedged items, as well as the hedging costs associated with the derivative instruments. Net amounts recognized in Other income, net, during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
(b)Represents foreign currency-denominated long-term notes outstanding which were effective as economic hedges of net investments in certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.
(c)Represents cross-currency swaps which were effective as economic hedges of net investments in certain of the Company's foreign subsidiaries.
Net gains or losses relating to the net investment hedges, which are attributable to changes in the foreign currencies to U.S. dollar spot exchange rates, are recorded as accumulated foreign currency translation in Other comprehensive income (loss). Upon the termination of a net investment hedge, any net gain or loss included in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relative to the investment hedge remains until the foreign subsidiary investment is disposed of or is substantially liquidated.

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Net gains (losses) recorded to Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) relating to the Company's net investment hedges for the three-month periods were as follows:
 Three Months Ended
December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
Foreign currency-denominated debt$49 $(56)
Cross-currency swaps30 (124)
Interest Rate Risks and Related Strategies
The Company uses a mix of fixed and variable rate debt to manage its interest rate exposure, and periodically uses interest rate swaps to manage such exposures. Under these interest rate swaps, the Company exchanges, at specified intervals, the difference between fixed and floating interest amounts calculated by reference to an agreed-upon notional principal amount. These swaps are designated as either cash flow or fair value hedges.
Changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps designated as cash flow hedges (i.e., hedging the exposure to variability in expected future cash flows that is attributable to a particular risk) are recorded in Other comprehensive income (loss). If interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges are terminated, the balance in Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) attributable to those derivatives is reclassified into earnings, within Interest expense, over the remaining life of the hedged debt. The amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income relating to cash flow hedges during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, as well as the amounts expected to be reclassified within the next 12 months, are not material to the Company's consolidated financial results.
The Company recorded $27 million of net after-tax gains during the three months ended December 31, 2020 in Other comprehensive income relating to interest rate hedges. Amounts recorded during the three months ended December 31, 2021 were immaterial to the Company’s consolidated financial results.
For interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges (i.e., hedges against the exposure to changes in the fair value of an asset or a liability or an identified portion thereof that is attributable to a particular risk), changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps offset changes in the fair value of the fixed rate debt due to changes in market interest rates. Amounts recorded during the three months ended December 31, 2021 and 2020 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results.
The notional amounts of the Company’s interest rate-related derivative instruments as of December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 were as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Hedge DesignationDecember 31, 2021September 30, 2021
Interest rate swaps (a)Fair value hedges$700 $700 
Forward starting interest rate swaps (b)Cash flow hedges1,000 1,000 
(a)Represents fixed-to-floating interest rate swap agreements the Company entered into to convert the interest payments on certain long-term notes from the fixed rate to a floating interest rate based on LIBOR.
(b)Represents interest rate derivatives entered into to mitigate exposure to interest rate risk related to future debt issuances.
Other Risk Exposures
The Company purchases resins, which are oil-based components used in the manufacture of certain products. Significant increases in world oil prices that lead to increases in resin purchase costs could impact future operating results. From time to time, the Company has managed price risks associated with these commodity purchases through commodity derivative forward contracts. The Company's outstanding commodity derivative forward contracts at December 31, 2021 were immaterial to the Company's consolidated financial results and the Company had no outstanding commodity derivative forward contracts at September 30, 2021.

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Note 11 – Financial Instruments and Fair Value Measurements
The following reconciles cash and equivalents and restricted cash reported within the Company's consolidated balance sheets at December 31, 2021 and September 30, 2021 to the total of these amounts shown on the Company's consolidated statements of cash flows:
(Millions of dollars)December 31, 2021September 30, 2021
Cash and equivalents$1,903 $2,283 
Restricted cash144 109 
Cash and equivalents and restricted cash$2,047 $2,392 
Cash equivalents consist of all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less at time of purchase. Restricted cash consists of cash restricted from withdrawal and usage except for certain product liability matters.
The fair values of the Company’s financial instruments are as follows:
(Millions of dollars)Basis of fair value measurementDecember 31, 2021September 30, 2021
Institutional money market accounts and ultra-short bond fund (a)Level 1$100 $200 
Current portion of long-term debt (b)Level 21,073 503 
Long-term debt (b)Level 217,698 18,537 
(a)These financial instruments are recorded within Cash and equivalents on the consolidated balance sheets. The institutional money market accounts permit daily redemption. The fair values of these investments are based upon the quoted prices in active markets provided by the holding financial institutions.
(b)Long-term debt is recorded at amortized cost. The fair value of long-term debt is measured based upon quoted prices in active markets for similar instruments.
Short-term investments are held to their maturities and are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. The short-term investments consist of instruments with maturities greater than three months and less than one year. All other instruments measured by the Company at fair value, including derivatives and contingent consideration liabilities, are immaterial to the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
Nonrecurring Fair Value Measurements
In the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, the Company recorded charges to Cost of products sold of $34 million to write down the carrying value of certain fixed assets. The amounts recognized were recorded to adjust the carrying amount of assets to the assets' fair values, which were estimated, based upon a market participant's perspective, using Level 3 inputs, including values estimated using the income approach.
Transfers of trade receivables
Over the normal course of its business activities, the Company transfers certain trade receivable assets to third parties under factoring agreements. Per the terms of these agreements, the Company surrenders control over its trade receivables upon transfer.  Accordingly, the Company accounts for the transfers as sales of trade receivables by recognizing an increase to Cash and equivalents and a decrease to Trade receivables, net when proceeds from the transactions are received.  The costs incurred by the Company in connection with factoring activities were not material to its consolidated financial results. The amounts transferred and yet to be remitted under factoring arrangements are provided below.
Three Months Ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
Trade receivables transferred to third parties under factoring arrangements$155 $492 
December 31, 2021September 30, 2021
Amounts yet to be collected and remitted to the third parties$155 $130 
 
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Note 12 – Debt
In January 2022, Embecta, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, agreed to issue $500 million of 5.000% senior secured notes due February 15, 2030, in connection with the Company’s planned spin-off of Embecta, which is further discussed in Note 1. It is expected that the notes will be issued in February 2022. Prior to the spin-off date, the notes will be guaranteed on an unsecured, unsubordinated basis solely by the Company. The Company’s guarantee will automatically and unconditionally terminate upon the earlier of: (1) the consummation of the spin-off and (2) the consummation of a satisfaction and discharge of the indenture, a defeasance or a covenant defeasance related to the notes or otherwise in accordance with the provisions of the indenture.
Also in connection with the spin-off, Embecta expects to enter into an arrangement for a senior secured term loan facility with an aggregate principal amount of $1.150 billion and a senior secured revolving credit facility providing borrowings of up to $500 million, which is expected to be undrawn at the spin-off date. Embecta is expected to use the aggregate proceeds received from the issuance of the senior secured notes and the term loan facility to make a distribution payment of approximately $1.440 billion to the Company in connection with the spin-off.
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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following commentary should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes presented in this report. Within the tables presented throughout this discussion, certain columns may not add due to the use of rounded numbers for disclosure purposes. Percentages and earnings per share amounts presented are calculated from the underlying amounts. References to years throughout this discussion relate to our fiscal years, which end on September 30.
Company Overview
Becton, Dickinson and Company (“BD”) is a global medical technology company engaged in the development, manufacture and sale of a broad range of medical supplies, devices, laboratory equipment and diagnostic products used by healthcare institutions, physicians, life science researchers, clinical laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry and the general public. The Company's organizational structure is based upon three principal business segments, BD Medical (“Medical”), BD Life Sciences (“Life Sciences”) and BD Interventional (“Interventional”).

BD’s products are manufactured and sold worldwide. Our products are marketed in the United States and internationally through independent distribution channels and directly to end-users by BD and independent sales representatives. We organize our operations outside the United States as follows: EMEA (which includes Europe, the Middle East and Africa); Greater Asia (which includes countries in Greater China, Japan, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Korea, Australia and New Zealand); Latin America (which includes Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and South America); and Canada. We continue to pursue growth opportunities in emerging markets, which include the following geographic regions: Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Latin America and certain countries within Greater Asia. We are primarily focused on certain countries whose healthcare systems are expanding.
BD’s Intention to Spin Off Diabetes Care
On May 6, 2021, we announced our intention to spin off our Diabetes Care business as a separate publicly traded company, Embecta, to BD’s shareholders. The Company believes that as an independent, publicly traded entity, the Diabetes Care business will be positioned to more effectively allocate its capital and operational resources with a dedicated growth strategy. Additional disclosures regarding our planned spin-off of the Diabetes Care business are provided in Note 1 in the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
COVID-19 Pandemic Impacts and Response
A novel strain of coronavirus disease (“COVID-19”) was officially declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020 and governments around the world have implemented various measures to slow and control the ongoing spread of COVID-19. Over the course of the pandemic, these government measures, as well as ongoing shifts in healthcare priorities, have unfavorably impacted demand for certain of our products. Our first quarter fiscal year 2022 revenues reflected an unfavorable comparison to the prior-year quarter, which substantially benefited from sales related to COVID-19 diagnostic testing on the BD VeritorTM Plus and BD MaxTM Systems. The factors that affected our revenue growth in the first quarter of our fiscal year 2022, including those related to the COVID-19 pandemic, are discussed in greater detail further below.

Due to the significant uncertainty that exists relative to the duration and overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, our future operating performance, particularly in the short-term, may be subject to volatility. While non-acute utilization rates for most of our products have largely recovered compared to pre-pandemic levels, resurgences in COVID-19 infections or new strains of the virus may weaken future demand for certain of our products and/or disrupt our operations. We also continue to see challenges posed by the pandemic to multiple aspects of our supply chain, including the cost and availability of raw materials, as well as cost impacts and logistical challenges affecting freight around the globe. We have also experienced staffing challenges due to higher rates of absenteeism which have been driven by the spread of the Omicron variant. Our suppliers are also experiencing higher rates of absenteeism, impacting the availability of certain raw materials and components. Additionally, the prevalence of the Omicron variant has resulted in hospital staffing shortages which has affected, and may continue to affect, the prioritization of acute and non-acute healthcare utilization. The United States and other governments may enact or use laws and regulations, such as the Defense Production Act or export restrictions, to ensure availability of needed COVID-19 testing and vaccination delivery devices. Any such action may impact our global supply chain network.

The impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows is dependent on certain factors including:
The extent to which resurgences in COVID-19 infections or new strains of the virus, including the Delta and Omicron variants, result in future deferrals of elective medical procedures and/or the extent to which the imposition of new
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governmental lockdowns, quarantine requirements or other restrictions may weaken demand for certain of our products and/or disrupt our operations;
The degree to which the pandemic has escalated challenges that existed for global healthcare systems prior to the pandemic, such as staffing shortages, including nursing shortages, and budget constraints;
The continued momentum of the global economy’s recovery from the pandemic and the degree of pressure that a weakened macroeconomic environment would put on future healthcare utilization and the global demand for our products.
We remain focused on partnering with governments, healthcare systems, and healthcare professionals to navigate the COVID-19 pandemic. This focus includes providing access to our SARS-CoV-2 diagnostics tests and injection devices for global vaccination campaigns, as well as supplying products and solutions for ongoing care for patients around the world. We have also remained focused on protecting the health and safety of BD employees while ensuring continued availability of BD’s critical medical devices and technologies during these unprecedented times.
Overview of Financial Results and Financial Condition
For the three months ended December 31, 2021, worldwide revenues of $4.995 billion decreased 6.0% from the prior-year period. This decrease reflected the following impacts:
Increase (decrease) in current-period revenues
Volume5.8 %
Period-over-period decline in revenues related to COVID-19 testing (12.8)%
Pricing1.1 %
Foreign currency translation(0.1)%
Decrease in revenues from the prior-year period
(6.0)%
.
The period-over-period decline in the Life Sciences segment’s Integrated Diagnostic Solutions unit’s sales related to COVID-19 diagnostic testing on the BD VeritorTM Plus and BD MaxTM Systems reflected current-period testing revenues of $185 million, compared with sales of testing products in the prior-year period of $866 million.
Volume growth in the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 was driven by demand for our core products as follows:
Medical segment revenues were primarily driven by strong demand in the Medication Delivery Solutions and Pharmaceutical Systems units.
The Life Sciences segment revenues reflected strong demand for core products in the Integrated Diagnostic Solutions and Biosciences units.
Interventional segment revenues reflected strong demand in the Surgery and Urology and Critical Care units, which was partially offset by a decline in the Peripheral Intervention unit.
Our BD 2025 strategy for growth is anchored in three pillars: grow, simplify and empower. As we execute this strategy, we continue to invest in research and development, strategic tuck-in acquisitions, geographic expansion, and new product programs to drive further revenue and profit growth. Our ability to sustain our long-term growth will depend on a number of factors, including our ability to expand our core business (including geographical expansion), develop innovative new products, and continue to improve operating efficiency and organizational effectiveness. As discussed above, current global economic conditions remain relatively volatile due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, an inability to increase or maintain selling prices globally could adversely impact our businesses. Also, we are experiencing challenges related to global transportation channels and supply chains. These challenges have subjected certain of our costs, specifically raw material and freight costs, to inflationary pressures, which have unfavorably impacted our gross profit and operating margins. Additional discussion regarding the impacts of these inflationary pressures on our operating results for the three months ended December 31, 2021 is provided further below.
Cash flows from operating activities were $674 million in the first three months of fiscal year 2022. At December 31, 2021, we had $2.054 billion in cash and equivalents and short-term investments, including restricted cash. We continued to return value to our shareholders in the form of dividends. During the first three months of fiscal year 2022, we paid cash dividends of $271 million, including $248 million paid to common shareholders and $23 million paid to preferred shareholders.
Each reporting period, we face currency exposure that arises from translating the results of our worldwide operations to the U.S. dollar at exchange rates that fluctuate from the beginning of such period. A stronger U.S. dollar, compared to the prior-year period, resulted in an unfavorable foreign currency translation impact to our revenues during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022. A favorable foreign currency impact to our earnings during the first quarter of fiscal year 2022 resulted from current-
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period sales of inventory recorded on our consolidated balance sheet in fiscal year 2021, when the U.S. dollar was weaker. We evaluate our results of operations on both a reported and a foreign currency-neutral basis, which excludes the impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. As exchange rates are an important factor in understanding period-to-period comparisons, we believe the presentation of results on a foreign currency-neutral basis in addition to reported results helps improve investors’ ability to understand our operating results and evaluate our performance in comparison to prior periods. Foreign currency-neutral ("FXN") information compares results between periods as if exchange rates had remained constant period-over-period. We use results on a foreign currency-neutral basis as one measure to evaluate our performance. We calculate foreign currency-neutral percentages by converting our current-period local currency financial results using the prior-period foreign currency exchange rates and comparing these adjusted amounts to our current-period results. These results should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, results reported in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"). Results on a foreign currency-neutral basis, as we present them, may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies and are not measures of performance presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.

Results of Operations
Medical Segment
The following summarizes first quarter Medical revenues by organizational unit:
 Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020Total
Change
Estimated
FX
Impact
FXN Change
Medication Delivery Solutions$1,084 $1,008 7.6 %0.3 %7.3 %
Medication Management Solutions627 630 (0.4)%0.1 %(0.5)%
Diabetes Care289 285 1.3 %(0.3)%1.6 %
Pharmaceutical Systems397 339 16.9 %(1.0)%17.9 %
Total Medical Revenues$2,397 $2,261 6.0 %— %6.0 %

The Medication Delivery Solutions unit’s revenue growth in the first quarter of 2022 reflected strong demand for core offerings driven by competitive gains within the U.S. market for catheters and vascular care products. In the Medication Management Solutions unit, an unfavorable comparison of revenues in the first quarter of 2022 to prior-period revenues, which benefited from global pandemic-related infusion pump orders, was partially offset by strong growth in global placements of dispensing systems. Revenues in the Diabetes Care unit benefited from the timing of U.S. orders. The Pharmaceutical Systems unit’s revenue growth in the first quarter of 2022 was driven by demand for our pre-filled devices and is enabled by capacity expansion investments.
Medical segment income for the three-month period is provided below.
Three months ended December 31,
(Millions of dollars)20212020
Medical segment income$716 $666 
Segment income as % of Medical revenues29.9 %29.4 %

The Medical segment's income in the first quarter was primarily driven by higher gross profit margin as discussed in greater detail below:
The Medical segment’s higher gross profit margin in the first quarter of 2022 compared with the first quarter of 2021 primarily reflected the following:
Lower manufacturing costs resulting from continuous improvement projects which enhanced the efficiency of our operations, as well as favorable impacts from foreign currency translation, product mix and price initiatives;
Partially offset by the unfavorable impacts of higher raw material costs and product quality remediation expenses.
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Selling and administrative expense as a percentage of revenues was higher in the first quarter of 2022 compared with the first quarter of 2021, which benefited from the curtailment of certain selling, travel and other administrative activities due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the prior year.
Research and development expense as a percentage of revenues was higher in the first quarter of 2022 compared with the first quarter of 2021, which reflected the timing of project spending and our continued reinvestment into the segment’s growth initiatives.
Life Sciences Segment
The following summarizes first quarter Life Sciences revenues by organizational unit:
</